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Focused on the period between 1500 and 1700, Land Travel and Communications in Tudor and Stuart England documents the unprecedented growth that occurred in road travel by all sections of society, from paupers to princes; the burgeoning volume of wheeled vehicles using the highways; and the radical changes in the means by which correspondence was conveyed throughout the realm and beyond.
Unprecedented growth in ordinary travel by road occurred in Tudor and Stuart England between c.1500 and c.1700: increasingly complex itineraries and ambitious distances were achieved. Though mostly repaired in only rudimentary fashion, England's highways supported increasing volumes of pedestrian, equine, and wheeled traffic. The framing of legal provisions for road maintenance and the burgeoning production of way-finding materials reflected the scale of demand. As well as considering regular trips to local markets or county fairs or for the freighting of building materials, the book considers the quotidian peregrinations of common and private carriers, chapmen journeying to sell to distant customers, the escort of prisoners to county gaols, wounded soldiers struggling homeward, and itinerant paupers on the move. The twice-yearly circuits of assize court judges and the more frequent movement of county justices and apparitors serving bishops' courts are also reviewed. Journeys by players and other entertainers are included, and elite tourists travelling both within the realm and beyond for experience, education, and improved job prospects are considered. The ostentatious, orchestrated travels of monarchs and the high-born, and the stressful journeys of royalty on the run are also featured.
This travel size book is full of hilarious Holiday scenes, pattern, designs, and lots and lots of cussing for those who either hate Christmas or are just looking for a good belly laugh. Christmas trees, angry Santa Clause, drunk elves, horny snowman, and so much more! Single sided pages, 8.5x11. Tips and color test pages included! This convenient 5"x8" book is easy to take with you wherever you go!
Provides an in-depth treatment of the Traveling Salesman problem--the archetypical problem in combinatorial optimization. Each chapter deals with a different aspect of the problem, and has been written by an acknowledged expert in the field. Focusses on the essential ideas in a self-contained manner. Includes exercises and an extensive bibliography.