From the earliest traces of first arrivals to the present, the Native peoples of North America represent a diverse and colorful array of cultures. From Central America to Canada, from recent archaeological discoveries to accounts of current controversies, this comprehensive study uses both traditional story telling and a powerful narrative to bring history to life. Johansen provides a critical narrative of European-American westward expansion through use of Native American voices, including compelling personal sketches of key figures such as: Tecumseh, alliance builder in the Ohio Valley; Chief Joseph the Younger, leader of the Nez Perce "long march"; and Susette LaFlesche, an Omaha Indian who reported on the Wounded Knee massacre for the Omaha-Herald. This account provides an uncommonly rich description of the material and intellectual ways in which Native American cultures have influenced the life and institutions of people across the globe, from medicine such as aspirin to foods like corn and squash to democratic ideas. It utilizes portrayals of select incidents, such as the Wounded Knee massacre and the impact of small pox, to reveal deep layers of meaning about the frontier experience in American history. A wide array of contemporary controversies, such as gambling interests, sports mascots, and sovereignty issues, are also included.
The framers of the Constitution in 1787 created a durable republican government, a unique achievement in the saga of human civilization. Throughout American history, however, a handful of people have suggested that the United States's problem is its Constitution and that the answer is a new document. This book republishes proposed alternative constitutions, most for the first time. The volume opens with an introduction that explores the significance of these constitutions to American constitutional development and assesses the framers' success in nearly precluding counter-constitutional opposition. The ten chapters that follow include an introduction to each proposed constitution, a brief biographical sketch of the author, the constitution itself, and a summary of the contemporary response to the proposed constitution. This book will be of interest to constitutional and legal historians and to intellectual and political historians.
Homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic and herbal medicine, massage, yoga, acupuncture, meditation, and more...complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is now the fastest-growing sector of American health care. Librarians must be prepared to answer questions about CAM and to include authoritative, readable sources of information about it in their collections. Here's a comprehensive introduction to the major types of CAM, from Ayurveda to spiritual healing, and an up-to-date guide to 605 books, 162 websites, and 226 periodicals covering these areas. Author Gregory A. Crawford, who holds a Doctor of Naturopathy degree in addition to both an MLS and a PhD, is ideally suited to familiarize librarians with CAM. Covering both mainstream and lesser-known treatments and therapies, he provides the history and background of each topic, explaining its major uses and the training of practitioners. An extensive annotated list of books, periodicals, and websites devoted to the specific therapy includes English-language materials from the United States, Canada, the UK, and Australia. With this guide, librarians will know how to answer questions about CAM and be able to point users to the best and most reliable sources for further information. For those seeking to better represent CAM in their own libraries, the book will also prove invaluable as a collection development tool.