This volume, honoring the renowned historian of science, Allen G Debus, explores ideas of science - `experiences of nature' - from within a historiographical tradition that Debus has done much to define. As his work shows, the sciences do not develop exclusively as a result of a progressive and inexorable logic of discovery. A wide variety of extra-scientific factors, deriving from changing intellectual contexts and differing social millieus, play crucial roles in the overall development of scientific thought. These essays represent case studies in a broad range of scientific settings - from sixteenth-century astronomy and medicine, through nineteenth-century biology and mathematics, to the social sciences in the twentieth-century - that show the impact of both social settings and the cross-fertilization of ideas on the formation of science. Aimed at a general audience interested in the history of science, this book closes with Debus's personal perspective on the development of the field.
As explained by a Doctor of the Church, St Alphonsus M Liguori, CSSR. The Exercise of a Retreat 4Advantages of the Spiritual Exercises Made in RetreatLetter to a Young Man Who is Deliberating on the Choice of a State of Life 4Hymn: Invitation to Solitude 19Meditations for a Private Retreat of Eight Days 20Introduction 20The Importance of Salvation 22The Vanity of the World 29Our Journey to Eternity 36Sin 44Death 51Judgment 61Remorse of the Christians in Hell 67Love for Jesus Crucified 72Hymn: To God the Creator 76Various Practices 77Rules for Leading a Good Life 77Devout Acts to be Made Every Day 79Spiritual Maxims for a Christian 81An Epitome of the Virtues of Which the Christian Soul that Desires to Lead a Perfect Life and Become a Saint Should Exercise Itself 85Appendix 101 The Manner of Making a Retreat 101